Hair loss may have different reasons – from genetic factors, or hormonal medications by up to fatigue and stress. Few people know that the peripheral circulatory disorders can also cause hair loss. This type of hair loss is not permanent alopecia fortunately, passes, we manage to control the disease, disrupting blood flow in the distal segments of the body – the upper and lower extremities, as well as on the head.
Hair loss is caused by insufficient blood supply to the scalp – hair do not receive a sufficient amount of oxygen and nutrients so they become weaker and weaker and consequently fall.
We must remember that brush full of hair is a signal that we have taken care first and foremost about the deep layers of the scalp.
Professional shampoos, conditioners, serums can only restore the smoothness of our hair, but never affect the nutrition of the hair roots !!!
Hirudotherapy is used to treat alopecia and hair loss by the restoration of normal microcirculation of the scalp and stimulate hair growth.
Hirudo Mesotherapy is the introduction by the medical leech, directly in the vicinity of the roots of the hair more than 100 different Bio-Active compounds. SGS (Salivary Glands Secretion) improve microcirculation, nutrition, oxygenation of the scalp, is fungicidal, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory. Contain hormones, neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin), and endorphins (happy hormones) – they reduce stress, improve your mood.
Hirudotherapy assists regrowth, regenerates hair follicles and stimulates blood circulation, prevents skin problems and increases the density and thickness of hair.
The treatment is particularly applicable in patients affected by androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata. In addition, Hirudotherapy is recommended in patients who hair loss was due to poor circulation, hormonal changes during pregnancy, some mechanical factors or Trichotillomania.
TRICHOTILLOMANIA is seen to have a combination of complex biological and behavioral causes. Hair-pulling disorder is mainly attributed to an imbalance of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, mainly dopamine and serotonin. There are many indications that obsessive-compulsive disorder may also be due to failure of the immune system.
These factors tend to increase the risk of trichotillomania:
Family history.Genetics may play a role in the development of trichotillomania, and the disorder may occur in those who have a close relative with the disorder.
Age. Trichotillomania usually develops just before or during the early teens — most often between the ages of 11 and 13 — and is often a lifelong problem. Infants also can be prone to hair pulling, but this is usually mild and goes away on its own without treatment.
Negative emotions. For many people with trichotillomania, hair pulling is a way of dealing with negative or uncomfortable feelings, such as stress, anxiety, tension, loneliness, fatigue or frustration.
Positive reinforcement. People with trichotillomania often find that pulling out hair feels satisfying and provides a measure of relief. As a result, they continue to pull their hair to maintain these positive feelings.
Other disorders. People who have trichotillomania may also have other disorders, such as depression, anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Treatment with leeches can brings positive results with Trichotillomania. Leeches contain in their saliva many substances which may stimulate the growth of hair (improving circulation, nourishes the hair roots ) and contain neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine, acetylcholine and hormons of happiness (endorphin). Leech therapy stimulates and increases immune system activity.
Medical leeches help relieve a person from hair pulling disorder, get rid of the guilt. It is a complex effect and becomes the basis for healing by using hirudotherapy some neurological/ psychological problems. Furthermore, medicinal leech injects into the bloodstream of patients nutrients. . It works generally (regulates endocrine, acts on the brain ) and locally on scalp (improve microcirculation).
ROLE OF LEECH THERAPY IN ALOPECIA BARBAE
Alopecia Barbae is defined as patches of hair loss in beard. It is an autoimmune disease, which affects the hair follicles of beard. The treatment available is usually corticosteroids but it has limited role in its recovery and has lot of side effects. Keeping this in view, leech therapy was done on a patient with alopecia barbae with one year duration of the disease. The results of the study showed significant visible effects in the form of follicular presence and hair growth.